A Nation of Creators, Part 2
The UK is a world-leading hub for business with an unrivalled network of experienced and innovative companies. Our businesses offer exceptional products and services that have transformed the day-to-day lives of people around the world.
World Wide Web
It’s hard to believe that the world wide web is less than 30 years old. Today’s teens know nothing of a life before the web, and that’s thanks to British computer scientist Sir Tim Berners-Lee. A graduate from Oxford University, Berners-Lee began his groundbreaking work while working at CERN in Switzerland, after noticing the difficulty employees had in sharing information. Creating HTTP, HTML and URI – now known as URL – Berners-Lee built the foundations of the web and watched its expansion across the globe unfold.
A decidedly more modern invention than the radar or telephone, the Raspberry Pi computer is a fine example of British tech at its best. Disrupting education the world over by providing low-cost, high performance computers, Raspberry Pi allows people to learn in an interactive, intelligent environment that’s engaging for all. As the best- selling British computer, the Raspberry Pi has sold over 12 million of its single-board computing devices, helping communities in developing countries and beyond tackle the basics of computer science for less.
The idea of geostationary satellites was being circulated around the end of World War II, when Britain at large was likely preoccupied with how their immediate future would pan out than how machines in space could change their lives. Arthur C. Clarke – a sci-fi author – began spreading the word about how satellites could revolutionise global communications in 1945, suggesting that satellites could be used to transmit TV signals. Beyond this, Clarke theorised the exact distance such satellites would need to be from the earth to ensure a 24-hour orbit – we won’t delve into the physics of this, but we will tell you this makes it geostationary – and thus the idea of a satellite transmitting radio around the clock was born right here in the UK.